fYalaIamsh jxpdldrfhla
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iEu l;djlg u uqyqKq folla ;sfí' fndfyda úg wm olskafka;a" úiajdihg .kafka;a tys ckldka; uqyqKhs' tysu we,S .e,S ljqÆjlskqÿ fkdn,ñka wk,am ld,hl br t<sh urd ouñka .; l< ld,h wdmiaig weo ne,Su ,eÊcdiy.;h' fï kdglh .,jkafka fYalaiamshrhka f.a fndre fjia uqyqKhs'

kdglhla we;=<; rÛ oelafjk ;j;a tla úid, kdglhlska f,dl= yqiaula .ekSug ldg;a isÿj we;'

m<uq t<sifn;a /ðkjo fï kdglhg .djdf.k ;sîu fkdfydî hehs tla jru ldg fyda isf;kakg yelh' tfy;a fï ish,a,g u j.lsj hq;af;a m<uq t<sifn;a /ðku nj oek.;a weis,af,au ta is;=ú,af,ka ta wh ñfokq we;' iekiqï iqiqï fy<kq we;'Tlaia*¾â w¾,ajrhd t<sifn;a /ðk iuÛ fmñka fkdneÿfka kï fï l;dkaorh ldgj;a lSug isÿ fkdjkq we;'

rdclSh nj mrod fma%uh keÛS isá tla ikaOHdjl t<sifn;a l=ußh yd Tlaia*¾â w¾,ajrhd jQ tâjâ ä fõrd nd,a kegqulh' 1550 ;a 1604 ;a ld, iSudj ;=< ;o brla wÈñka ,shefjk fï iskudmgh foaYmd,kslh' Wmydid;aulh' cmdkhg wkfmalaIs;j mrudkq fndaïn fyÆjdla fuka Nhxlrh' fma%ufha ishÆ wdYdjka imqrñka" ta fma%uhu uyd .sks lkaolaj we;=<;l nqr nqrd kefÛkakg bv yßñka u;=msáka isis,a lr ;enQ wdldrh lshk w;r;=r fYalaiamshrhka f.a f,da m%lg ks¾udKfhda wka wfhl= i;= tajd nj fy<s lrhs' Tõ'

Tn ;s.eiaish hq;=h' h<s;a m%Yak l< hq;=h' ie£l yer oek .ekSug idlaIs b,a,d isáh hq;=h' tâjâ ä fõrd idys;Hfhys ukd olaI;djhla we;af;la jqj;a tl,a ys kdgH rpkh iy ldjH wd§ oE rdcH úfrdaë f,i ie,l+fhka ;u idys;Hh wdidfjda ßis f,i ika;¾mKh lr .ekSug fkdyels úh' Tyqf.a idys;Hfhka rðkg ks.%y flfrk njg;a"tâjâ f.a ìßh f.a mjq,g ks.re flfrk nj;a ksidfjka Tyqg ,sùu ;ykï úh' Tjqkag wkqj fõÈldj mdmS ia:dkhls' tu mdmhkag yiqjkakd;a mdm;rfhls'

tâjâ ä fõrd fï mdmS l%shdfõ ;Èka u .e,S isáfhls' b;du;a wyUq f,i fõÈld.; kdgHhla krUk fudfyd;l th rpkd l< ;eke;a;dj Tyq yÿkd .kS' iefklska kdgH rplhd rdcH úfrdaêfhl= f,i ismsß f.hs ,hs' tâjâ ã fõrd Tyqg wNh odkh § ;ud <Ûg f.kajd .kafka Tyqf.a ryis.; kdgH rplhd f,i fmkS isàug Tyq fmd<Ujñks' ta Tyqf.a u Ôú;h TÜgqjg ;eîfuks'

fnka fcdkaika Tyqf.a wkilg hg;a ùu;a iuÛ tâjâ ,shQ kdgHhla fnka kñka ;sr.; flfrk wdldrhg lghq;= ie,fia'

jdikdjg mhska .ik fnka ta i|yd ;u ñ;%fhl= fhdod .kS' iskudmghg wkqj fnka fcdkaika f.a ta ñ;%hd ú,shï fYalaiamsh¾ kï fjhs' wl=re lshùug ñi ,sùug fkdo;a fnkaf.a hyÆjd uqÆ f,dalhgu ú,shï fYalaiamsh¾ jkafka bkslaì;sjh'

uy;a ckm%idohla Èkd .ksñka jxpdldÍ ú,shï fYalaiamsh¾ tâjâ ,shQ w;s úYsIag kdgH ish,af,ys u whs;slre fjhs' tâjâ miqmi uqo,a b,a,ñka yUd hk fudyq ,eÊcdiy.;j jdih lsÍu fjkqjg uy;a wNsudkfhka tjl iudcfha Èú f.jhs' rdcH;ajh /l .ekSu fjkqfjka t<sifn;a /ðk igka jÈk w;r ;j;a md¾Yj rdcH;ajh Wÿrd .ekSu i|yd igka jÈhs' foaYmd,k W.=,a w;r tydg;a fuydg;a foda,kh jk wefkdaksuia bx.%Sis idys;Hhg t,a, l< w;=,a myrla jeksh' frda,kaâ tïßÉ wOHlaIKh l< wefkdaksuia iskudmgfha rplhd fcdaka ´¾f,d*ah' f¾ia b*dkaia" jekSid frâf.a%õ" fâúâ f;õ,Sia m%Odk rx.k Ys,amSka f,i fuys rÛhs' wfußldkq fvd,¾ 30"000"000 l weia;fïka;=jlg ;ekqKq wefkdaksuia m%o¾Ykh lr uq,a i;sh we;=<; Wmhd .;a wdodhu wefußldkq fvd,¾ 1"012"768 ls'

jir 2011 foieïn¾ jk úg Wmhdf.k we;s uqÆ wdodhu wfußldkq fvd,¾ 4"463"292 ls' fudaIka iskudmg iud.fï m<uq weß*af,laia wef,laid leurdj Wmfhda.S lr .ksñka rE.; l< m<uq iskudmgh fuhhs' tfuka u iskudmgfha miqìï ks¾udKh i|yd mß.Kl wdY%s; o¾Yk ,nd .ekSu;a jvd;a úfYaIs;h' c¾uksfha fín,aian¾.a iagqäfhda fõ fjku idok ,o mqrdK ,kavkh meiiqï ,eîfuka tyd hd hq;= wdldrfha miq;,hls'

iskudmgh ksl=;a ù flá l,lska u fYalaiamsh¾ kduh /l .ekSug bÈßm;a jQfjda fuka u Tyq f.a ku bx.%Sis idys;Hfhka w;=.d oeóug bÈßm;a jQfjda o fndfyda h' ta w;ßka pd¾,aia ìhqla,¾la iy uydpd¾h iageka,s fj,aia ;Èka u lemS fmfka'pd,aia ìhqla,¾la ;¾l lrkafka fYalaiamsh¾ Tyq kñka ckm%sh jQ lsisÿ kdgHhla fyda ldjHhla fyda ,shd ke;s njghs'

fï jkf;la Tyq f.a w;a wl=ßka ,shQ kdgH msgm;a" ldjH fyda fjkhï idys;Hh ,shú,a,la yuqù ke;s nj Tyq u;la lr fohs' tfiau Tyq ,shQ tlÿ ,smshla fyda fï jk f;la fidhd f.k ke;'wvqu ;rñka ish ìßh iy orejka wu;d ,shQ ,smshlaj;a fï ;dla yuqjQ fkdue;'

wju jYfhka wka;su leue;a;la fyda ;u Ôú;h yd iß ;u w;a msgm;a .ekj;a lsisÿ ;ekl ioykla fkdfõ'

ú,shï fYalaiamsh¾ wl=re ,sùfï lsùfï yelshdjj;a ;snQfjlaoehs fï ;dla fy<s lr f.k fkdue;'

fujka Wiia idys;Hlrefjl=f.a ìßh" orejka iy kEoEhka lsisfjl= ,sùfï" lshúfï yelshdj we;s wh fkdjk njg idlaIs yuq ù we;' lsisu lD;shl Tyq ;u wiaik fhdod ke;s w;r Tyqf.a hhs ie,flk wiaik b;du;a wj,iaik jQ;a"wmsßisÿ jQ;a tlls'

fï iaj,am idOl u; Tng ;SrKhl t<eôh yelso@ iskudmgfha ;sr rplhd kï ta ;SrKhg t<eö we;s ieáhls'

ú,shï fYalaiamsh¾ f.a Wmka Èkh ksYaÑ;j lSug úlsmSähdjo wiu;ah' tfy;a Tyq fn!;Siau jQ Èkh kï úlsmSähdj okS' ta j¾I 1564 wfma%,a 26 jeksodh' Tyq urKhg m;a ù we;af;a j¾I 1616 wfma%,a 23 jeksodh'

kdgHh 36 la uqo%s;j m< l< Tyq ldjHh .%ka:fhda 06 la ks¾udKh lr we;' o u¾pkaÜ T*a jeksia" w ñâiu¾ khsÜ v%Sï" wEia hQ ,hsla bÜ" frdañfhda wekaâ cq,shÜ" cq,shia iSi¾" uelan;a" yeï,Ü" weka;ks wekaâ la,sfhdameg%d wd§ w;s úYsIag kdgHh ,shQjd hehs ie,flk fYalaiamsh¾ f.a fjia uqyqK .,jd oukakg ‘wefkdaksuia’ ieriSu fl;rï ;d¾lslo@ fl;rï ks¾NS;o@

ishÆ jro m<uq t<sifn;a /ðk w;h' ;reK tâj¾â ã fõrd w¾,ajrhd yg fmï fkdlr isáhd kï lsisjla fï wdldrhg isÿ jkafka ke;' rc wK fiau rc fmï l;do ish,a, fujka ÿlaÅ; wjidkhla ieu úgu fkdolskq we;' tfy;a iEu l;djlg u uqyqKq folla we;s nj fma%laIlhka jk wm u;l ;nd .; hq;=h'

ldxpkd wñ,dks'
Wmqgd .ekSu iriúh mqj;a m; weiqfrks
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