uu iïudkh .;af;a jpkh wyl oukak neß ksid
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 wfma ld,fha mgdpdrj ÿ,dks wkqrdOd

Wjk i|la jeks pQá ¥ tlmsïug u id,hg Èõfõ ta tla fldKl ;sh,d ;sfnk f¾äfhdafõ yඬ jeä lsÍug is;d h' mdi,a wjika ù ksfjig meñfKk fï mqxÑ ÿjf.a tla;rd mqreoaola ù ;snqfKa f¾äfhdajg ijka §u h' bka úldYh jk .S" iskaÿj,g fnfyúka we,aula oela jQ wE fm,UqfKa tajd uquqkd .hkakg muKla fkdfõ' ta .S;fha ;d,hg md ;nñka" úúO bßhõ md k¾;kfha kshe<Sug o fï ¥ oelajQfha oeä we,auls' jfrl fldKav lr,a folla f.d;d .kakd fï isÛs;s ÈhKsh wïudf.a idßhla f.k wefÛa mg,jd .ksñka ;d,hg wä ;shkafka k¾;khg yqremqreÿ ldßhl f,isks' wef.a k¾;kh ri ú£k wd;a;ïud ñksìßhf.a k¾;khg w;afmd<ika fokafka wEj jvd;a ffO¾hj;a lrkq msKsi h' <oeßhl jqjo bÛiqÛ kgjñka kgk k¾;kh ienúka u iqkaor nj wd;a;ïud jgyd .;a;d h' tod ta whqfrka <oeßhl wjêfha ;d, ;shñka kegQ l=vd ÈhKsh wo ;reKshls' tmuKla muKla fkdfõ k¾;k .=rejßhls" rx.k Ys,amskshls' wE wka ljqre;a fkdj m%:u Ñ;%mg rx.kfhka u fma%laIlhkaf.a yoj; Èkd.;a ÿ,dks wkqrdOd h'

fï Èkj, t,a' t*a' iS' uKav,fha iskud Yd,dj, ;sr.; jk iq.;a iurfldakaf.a ‘wfma ld,fha mgdpdrd’ Ñ;%mgfha l;d kdhsldj jkafka wehhs' fï ,smsh ielfikafka ÿ,dks wkqrdOd iuÛ ‘wfma ld,fha mgdpdrd’ Ñ;%mgh yd wef.a rx.k Ôú;h;a" .re NQñldj ms<sn|;a l< ixjdohlsks'

* fn!oaO idys;Hfha tk ‘mgdpdrd’ Y%S ,dxlsl fn!oaOhkag kqmqreÿ pß;hla fkdfõ' ta pß;h yd ne÷Kq ‘wfma ld,fha mgdpdrd’ Ñ;%mgfha ‘mgdpdr’ j kj jif¾ ÿgqjk u fudk jf.a woyiao mejfikafka@

mdif,a wh ‘wfma ld,fha mgdpdrd’ Ñ;%mgh krU,d ;snqKq nj ug oek .kakg ,enqfKa mdi,a ksjdvqj wjika ù mdi,g .shdg miafihs' orejka fofofkl=;a iuÛ mgdpdrdf.a pß; ksrEmKh fndfydu fyd|g ksrEmKh lr we;s njhs uf.a mdif,a .=re uKav,fha ñ;=re ) ñ;=ßhka mejiqfõ' mdi,g mßndysr iudchg meñKshdg miafia fndfyda fofkl= mjqf,a ishÆfokd;a iuÛ u .syska ‘wfma ld,fha mgdpdrd’ Ñ;%mgh krU,d ;sfnk nj fmfkkjd' ta ud hï hï ld¾hhka i|yd uÛ f;dgg msúis miqj Tjqka Ñ;%mgh ms<sn| lrk l;dnfykqhs ta j. ug yefÛkafka' ta uÛska ug yefÛkafka ‘wfma ld,fha mgdpdrd’ Ñ;%mghg fndfydafokd leue;a;la olajk njhs'

* ‘wfma ld,fha mgdpdrd’ Ñ;%mgh Èfjkafka j¾;udkh yd w;S;h hk ld,h .e<mSula Tiafiahs@

j¾;udk yd w;S;h .e<mSu ud olskafka ‘wfma ld,fha mgdpdrd’ Ñ;%mgfha ;sfnk fjkila úÈhghs' wOHlaIjrhdf.a isf;a mej;=Kq rEmuh fmroelaul=hs fuf,i Ñ;%mghg Ndú; lr ;sfnkafka' th id¾:l jQ njl=hs ug yefÛkafka' wfkla ldrKh kï wm wid we;s l;dj tlajr u lshkjdg jvd fjkia wdldrhl msúiqulska iskud fma%laIlhkag wÆ;a w;aoelSula f.fkaú'

* wOHlaI iq.;a iurfldakaf.a ‘úch)l=fõKs’ yd ‘weyef<a fmd< l=udßydñ’ Ñ;%mgj,;a m%Odk pß;j,g mK fmdjkafka Tnhs' Tyqf.a Ñ;%mgj, Tnj u m%Odk pß;hg f;dard .kak úfYaI jQ fya;= j f,i Tn olskafka l=uk ldrKhla o@

wOHlaI iq.;a iurfldaka ‘l=fõKs’" ‘weyef<a fmd< l=udßydñ’ lshk pß; i|yd ud f;dard .efkkafka ta pß; i|yd wOHlaIjrhdf.a isf;a ueù ;snqKq rEmh yd iudk rEmldhla ug ;sfnk ksid fjkak we;ehs ud is;kjd' Tyqf.a kj;u Ñ;%mgh jQ ‘wfma ld,fha mgdpdrd’ Ñ;%mgfha ‘mgdpdrd’f.a pß;hg udj f;dard .kakg we;af;a by; lshk ,o ldrKh;a" ta ks¾udKj, lghq;= lsÍfï§ ud mE rx.k olaI;dj;a ksid njhs ug kï yefÛkafka' ta jf.a u Bg n,mdkakg we;s wfkla ldrKh kï ks¾udK iuÛ lghq;= lroa§ uf.ka ,efnk iyfhda.hhs'

* óg fmr ks¾udKj, lghq;= lroa§ ‘wfma ld,fha mgdpdrd’ Ñ;%mgfha ‘mgdpdrd’f.a pß;h ms<sn| hï bÛshla wOHlaIjrhd Tng mji,d ;snqKd o@

fldfydu;a Tyq tla ks¾udKhla lroaÈ B<Û ks¾udK .ek wmg hï Pdhdjla ,ndfokjd' ta .ek jßkajr l;d l< wjia:d;a ;snqKd' th yßhg u oek .;af;a ‘weyef<a fmd< l=udßydñ’ Ñ;%mgh ;sr.; jqKdg miqjhs'

* Tn mgdpdrdf.a pß;h wid ;snqK;a" ta pß;h .ek y÷kd .ekSug fjk;a wOHhkhl ksr; jQjd o@

iq.;a iurfldaka wOHlaIjrhdf.a isf;a we£,d ;sfnk mgdpdrd .ek Tyq hï ú.%yhl fhÿKd' Bg wu;rj fï pß;h ms<sn| ,shejqKq fmd;la Tyq" ug ,nd ÿkakd' mgdpdrdf.a pß;h .ek §¾>j ,shejqKq fmd;m; we;af;a keye' ta ksid wef.a pß;h .ek §¾> f,i fidhd n,kakg wjia:djla Wod jqfKa keye' ta ta ishÆfoa;a" ud mgdpdrd .ek wid we;s foa;a iuÛ mgdpdrj uf.a isf;a we÷Kd' fï ishÆfoa;a iuÛ wOHlaI iq.;a iufldakag wkqjhs mgdpdrd pß;h ks¾udKh jkafka' tys tk j¾;udkfha pß;h ksrEmKh lsÍug ug oeä fjfyila .kak Wjukd jqfKa keye' fudlo iqkdñ jHikh wmg wÆ;a w;aoelSula fkdfjhs' ta uÛska isÿ jQ úm;a wm ´kE;rï w;aoel,hs ;snqfKa' ud Ôj;a jkafka uqyqo wdikakfha ksid tjeks foa ud uf.a weia foflka u oel,d ;sfnkjd' fï ksid Ñ;%mgfha§ j¾;udk pß;h m%;sks¾udKh lrkakg ug myiq jqKd'

* ;reKshla úÈhg Tn mgdpdrdj olskafka l=uk wdldrfhka o@

mgdpdrdf.a fl<sf,d,a nj ksihs wE l=,fhka wvq ;reKhl=g fmïlr Ôú;h fjkia uÛlg fhduqlr .kafka' iemj;a Ôú;fha we,S .e,S isák wEg" wE wjg fjfikakka .ek" iudch .ek oekqïj;a njla we;af;a keye' tjeks hqj;shl f,i wE ;reK wjêfha ys;=jlaldr ;SrKhla .;a;;a" ld,hlÈ wEg ;ukaf.a wh <Ûska isákjd kï hk yeÛSu oefkkak mgka .kakjd' úfYaIfhka u mgdpdrdg ta yeÛSu oeäj oefkkakg .kafka .¾NsKshla ùu;a iuÛska' iuyr úg wE ish ieñhdg wdorh jqK;a" ;ukaf.a whf.ka wE;a ù úiSu iïnkaOfhka miq;eùug m;afkdù isáhd hehs ldg kï lsj yels o@ wEg wjidkfha ish,a, wysñ ùu;a iuÛ we;sjk ufkdaNdjhhs Ôú;fha i;H jgyd .ekSug wjYH ud¾.h újr lrkafka'

* Tnf.a fmïj;d f,i rx.kfha kshef<kafka j¾;udkfha isák olaI k¿jl= jk idrx. Èidfialrhs' idrx. iuÛ rÛmEfï§ tlsfkld w;r hï l;sldjla we;s jqKd o@

óg fmr;a idrx. iuÛ ud rx.k lghq;=j, fhÈ,d ;sfnkjd' ta ld,fhaÈ;a wms fokakd fndfydu iyfhda.fhka jev lr,d ;sfnkjd' ta iyfhda.h fï ks¾udKfhÈ;a we;s jqKd' Tyq;a iuÛ rÛmEu ug f.kdfõ myiqjla' iuyr wjia:dj,È ug wjYH fohla oek.kak fyda wvqmdvqjla yod .kak isáfha Tyqhs' uf.a fmïj;d f,i l< fma%u Pjksldj,È wms l;d lrf.k fufyu lruq hehs mjiñka l;dlr f.khs lghq;= lf<a' wm fofokd w;r lsÜgq ñ;%;ajhl=;a ;snqKq ksid Tyq;a iuÛ lghq;= lsÍfï§ ug myiqjla ie,iqKd' ta jf.a u Tyq fndfydu fyd| ijkafokafkla' Tyq we;=¿j fuf;la ud rÛmE wjia:dj,È ug uqK .eiqKq ishÆ u Ys,amSka fndfydu fyd| wh úÈhghs ud oelafla'

* iqfldud, ;reKshl úÈhg ye£ jevqKq mgdpdrdg ish fmïj;d iuÛ ryfia .shdg miqj Ôú;fha§ uqyqK §ug isÿjkafka úúO ye,yemamSïj,ghs' Tjqka Ôj;a jkafka;a jkdka;rfha' rx.k Ys,amskshla úÈhg fï w;aoelSï ,eîug Tng;a isÿ jqKd

iqfldud, ;reKshl úÈhg Ôj;a jQ ;eke;a;shlg tlajr u lgql Ôú;hlg yqre ùu myiq keye' úfYaIfhka u .¾NsKshla úÈhg wE ta kejqï wjia:djg uqyqK §fï§ ;ukaf.a u wh <Û isáhd kï lshk woyi ´kE u flfkl=f.a isf;a WmÈk is;=ú,a,la' .¾NsKshlf.a pß;h rÛmEfï § ta wdldrhg nvla ne| ;sîu ksid ta wjia:d ksrEmKhg lsÍu ug myiq jqKd' ta nv iuÛ bfí u jf.a .¾NsKshlf.a ;;a;ajhg uu;a yev .eiqKd' ud .¾NsKshla f,i rÛmdk m<uq wjia:dj fuh fkdjqK;a" fï pß;h i|yd ug f.dvla m%fhdackj;a jqfKa iudcfha § ud wOHhkh l< foahs'

* mgdpdrd hkq orejka fofofkl=f.a ujla' ta orejka fofokd iuÛ wEg uqyqK §ug isÿ jkafka fkdis;+úrE fÄoj,ghs' mgdpdrd rÛmEfï§ Tng;a ta ta isÿ ùïj,g uqyqK §ug isÿ jkjd' tjeks foa ksrEmKfha§ ú£ug isÿ jqfKa fudk jf.a w;aoelSï o@

;rula jevqKq <uhdj md,kh lr.kak ug;a" idrx.g;a álla wmyiq jqKd' ta;a wms fokakd fldfyduyß pdgqnia lsh,d ta orejdj ta ta wjia:dj,È ú;rla fyda md,kh lr.ekSug W;aidy oerejd' f.dvla u wiSre jqfKa mqxÑ u <uhdj md,kh lr .ekSuhs' ta pß;hg isáfha bmÈ,d Èk lsysmhla .;jqK <uhl=jhs' ta <uhd WmÈkafka wêl j¾Idjla ueoafohs' ta jeiai;a iuÛ ud orejka fofofkl= n,d .kak;a ´kE' ta w;r rÛmdkak;a ´kE' ieñhd uereKq wjia:dfõ orejka fofokd iuÛuhs ud Tyq wi,g msúfikafka' ta w;r ienEjg u <uhs fokakd u wඬkak .;a;d' fï ;;a;ajh hgf;a ug t,a, fj,d ;snqfKa f,dl= mSvkhla' uf.a wf;a bkafka ienE <uhl=hs' ta iEu wjia:djlÈ u wÆ; bmeÿKq <uhdj jeiafika uqjd lrf.k" ta ishÆ lror ndOl ueoafoa mgdpdrdf.a pß;h;a rÛmEjd' Ñ;%mgh ;sr.; ùfïÈ ta wjia:dj ke/Uqjdg miqj ug we;a;gu we;s jqfKa i;=gla'

* .Û ;rKh lrk o¾YkfhaÈ;a ta mSvkh u Tng t,a, jqKd o@

ta o¾Ykh fndfydu Nhdklhs' .Ûl neye,d hk o¾Ykfha§ uf.a wf;a bkafka wÆ; bmeÿKq <ufhla' ta ksid ug fndfydu mßiaiï ùug isÿ jqKd' j;=r hg fudk úÈhl ;;a;ajhla ;sfío lsh,d wmg l,a we;sj lshkak neye fka' wäfhka wäh biairyg ;shoaÈ ,siaihs o@ fudk jf.a fohla fjhso@ lsh,d lsisjl=g;a lshkak neye' hï fohla jqfKd;a Bg wjYH mshjr .kak msßila iQodkñkqhs isáfha' ta o¾Ykh lsisu lrorhlska f;drj wjika lsÍug ,eîu u Nd.Hhla'

* mdi,l W.kajk .=rejßhla úÈhg;a" rx.k Ys,amskshla úÈhg;a Tng mejfrk lghq;= ksje/Èj ta wdldrfhka u bgqlsÍug ,efnkjd o@

tal fndfydu wudre ld¾hhla' <uhska iuÛ lghq;= lsÍu myiq keye' lgyඬ f.dvla mdúÉÑ lrkak fjkjd' ta ksid .=rejreka jk wmj oeä fia fjfyig m;afjkjd' fï ksid fndfyda .=rejre ksjdvq ,efnkafka fldhs ldf,o lsh,hs n,df.k bkafka' wmg udihla ksjdvq ,enqK;a ta ksjdvq ,efnk udifha;a uu bkafka jevj, kshe<s,d' wfkla udij, mdif,a lghq;= ksid ld¾hnyq,hs' wfkla whg ,efnk tjeks ksjdvqjla j;a ug keye' b;sx fldfydu yß ud rx.khhs" mdkÿr iqux., nd,sld úoHd,fha k¾;k wdpd¾hjßh úÈhg .=re jD;a;shhs folu iunrj mj;ajd f.k hkjd' iuyr ojiaj,g ksjdvq;a .kakjd' tfy;a uf.ka <uhskag isÿ úh hq;= hq;=lï lsisjla w;miq lrkafka keye' fldfydu;a rx.k lghq;=j,§ ud jirlg ks¾udK follg jvd Ndr .kafka keye'

* Tn rx.khg msúfikafka m%ùK k¿jl= fukau wOHlaIjrhl= jk celaika weka;kSf.a ‘wnd’ Ñ;%mgh Tiafia' wfma rfÜ iskud fma%laIlhka Tnj y÷kd .kafka tys Tn ksrEmKh lrk .=ïNl Nq;df.a pß;fhka' t;eka mgka wdrïN lrk ks<s Ôú;h Tiafia Tn jD;a;sh f,i rx.kh f;dard fkd.kafka wehs@

ta jkúg ud úYajúoHd, YsIHdjla' celaika weka;kS uy;a;hd .=ïNl NQ;df.a pß;hg udj f;dard .efkkafka pkaok úl%uisxy uy;a;hdf.a ud¾.fhka' wjidkfha ta pß;hg ug iriúh iïudk Wf,f<a § jf.a u is.akSia iïudk Wf,f<aÈ;a fyd|u ks<sh f,i iïudk ,efnkjd' yexÛs,d ;snqKq uf.a rx.k yelshdj y÷kd .;af;a celaika weka;kS uy;a;hdhs' tys iïmQ¾K f.!rjh ysñ jkafka Tyqghs' fï fudk foa l<;a ud l=vd ld,fha mgka oeä leue;a;la oela jQfha k¾;khghs' ta ld,fha mgka isf;a ;snqKq ySkhg ud uq,a;ek ÿkakd' ta ksid th jD;a;shla fia ud f;dard .;a;d' rx.kh iïnkaOfhka mejiqfjd;a rx.kfha kshef<kak uf.a lsisu woyila ;snqfKa keye' tfy;a ‘wnd’ yryd ud wo olajd u ks<shla f,i;a fma%laIlhd y÷kd .kakjd' ta wkqj ud rx.kh fidhdf.k .sfha ke;sjqK;a rx.kh udj fidhdf.k wdjd'

* miq.shod meje;ajqKq iriúh iïudk Wf,f<a § fyd|u ks<shf.a iïudkh .ekSug fõÈldjg msúfikafka Tnhs' Tn ta Ñ;%mghg lsisu iïnkaOhla ke;sj;a wxc,S má,a fjkqfjka iïudkh .kak úfYaI fya;=jla ;sfnkjd o@

ta iïudkh .kak hkak lsh,d ug mejiqfõ tys wOHlaI m%ikak ú;dkf.a' Tyq ud <Ûska u wdY%h lrk uf.a fyd| ñ;%fhla' Bg wu;rj ‘Tn ke;=j Tn tlal’ Ñ;%mgfha rÛmEug wxc,Sj f;arej wh w;ßka uu;a tla wfhla' ta ishÆ ldrKd jf.a u wxc,S wfma rgg meñfKk iEu wjia:djl u ud wehj uqK .efikjd' ud is;k úÈhg wfma rfÜ bkak ks<shka w;frka wE y÷kkafka ud muKhs' ta we;s ù ;snqKq ñ;%lug yd uf.a ñ;%hdf.a jpkh wyl oukak;a neßj .sh ksid ud ta iïudkh .;a;d'

* Tn rÛmE ‘nkaOkh’ Ñ;%mgh;a <Û£u ;sr.; ùug kshñ;hs' túg Tn rÛmE Ñ;%mg folla tl <Û tl ;sr.; fjkjd' lsisu k¿jl=g fyda ks<shlg ,efnkafka ke;s wjia:djl=hs Tng ysñ jkafka@

fndfydafokd mjikafka ud jdikdjka; .=Khla ;sfnk ks<shla njhs' uu;a ta ldrKh ta whqßka u ksje/È hehs is;kjd
Wmqgd .ekSu iriúh mqj;a m; weiqfrks